24 Composition Techniques In Photography To Improve Your Photos

Updated on May 2, 2022 in Photography by

24 Composition Techniques In Photography To Improve Your Photos

What would you need to master the composition techniques in photography that will improve your photos?

Well just a sight to see a scene and a question to ask yourself 

How do I click this in a unique way?” 

It is not like you will be able to try each photography composition technique in one day. But once you learn about them, you will start seeing a pattern among the trending posts on Instagram or on the cover of a publication.

All the composition techniques in photography that you’ll be learning, are not the “rules” but are mere guidelines. These are being used by professionals and can surely help you improve your photos when you are looking to find something new.

Here we are sharing a total of 24 composition techniques in photography that you can use to improve photos.

What is Composition in Photography?

Composition Techniques

Composition techniques in photography are the ways to arrange the elements in the frame in order to enhance the way the whole picture looks. These techniques are used in almost every visual art across the industry to make the whole frame more appealing.

If we talk specifically about photography and photo editing, it is the way you set the subject in a frame in order to improve the overall visual. This can either be carefully executed while capturing an image or can be edited in post-production by cropping and rotating and tilting it.

I would highly suggest you keep these techniques in your mind while capturing an image itself as it would eliminate the restrictions in post-production. Now that you are all set with the basics, here are 24 trending composition techniques in photography that will improve your photos.

1. Rule of third

The rule of Third

Let us start with the most popular “rule”, The rule of third. According to this, firstly divide the frame into 9 sections with 2 horizontal and 2 vertical lines. This will create 4 inter-section points. In order to follow the rule of thirds, place your main subject on any given intersection.

The rule of Third Composition Techniques

The rule is so easy, popular, and effective that nowadays, you can get the following grid live on your cameras to frame the subject right. As you can see in the following image by Eyrejune123 the swing is very much placed at the very exact point of intersection of the lines.

Usually, it is our tendency to place objects in the centre but the following rule terminates the point and shows how sticking to a grid can help you learn new composition techniques to improve your photos.

2. Centered & symmetry

Centered Composition & Symmetry

Next on the list of the best photography composition techniques is the Centered composition and symmetry. Unapologetically this technique contradicts the first rule. Well as I said, these aren’t the rules, rather guidelines that you choose to follow or not.

The reason why this technique improves your photo is due to the fact that the human brain is attracted to symmetry, as it is easy to understand in the first place. So next time when you

 are out looking to capture some great images, keep the following guidelines in your mind.

Centered Composition & Symmetry Composition Techniques

Moreover, I would request you to see how Provlinder has perfectly found symmetry both vertically and horizontally. If you can’t find both it will be fine, but at least try looking for one in your images.

3. Frame within a frame

Frame Within Frame

Framing is another popular composition technique in photography used by professionals to get the focus of the audience. Well to help you understand, here is an image by Chuttersnap.

Frame Within Frame Composition Techniques

As you can see, the image has its very own frame and brings our attention to the red wall. Also, you do not need to have an exact shape like the above image. Rather you can even have an uneven shape peeking to another view, just the image below by Liammckay. This cave opening has framed the ocean and rock ahead.

Composition Techniques that will Improve your Photos

4. Leading lines

This is among the composition techniques which is even used by architects to design their respective projects. With this technique, Onun has captured this amazing scenic view.

As you shall see, the road, horizon, and even the mountains are ending at a commonplace. And to be very true, even the eyes are leading in that particular direction. 

This need not be always as simple as shown in the above image as the lines can also be curvily coming from all directions. But the meeting point of each one of them would be the same. 

5. Diagonal triangle

In the above image by Stayandroam, you can clearly see some leading lines. But in addition to these lines, there is also a triangle, capturing our attention.

Human eyes have this weird obsession with the lines which are not straight (diagonal lines ) and the shape triangle. Hence if you can get them in your image, chances are you are becoming a professional in composition techniques.

6. Rules of odds

Ever heard “Odd one out!”? This one is slightly different. In the following image by Stayandroam itself, you can find that the very left chimney is at an odd distance compared to the other two.

This too is a complete condition of the symmetry but the image is eye-capturing due to the fact it’s different. Hence making it to our list of best compositions techniques that will improve your photos.

7. Rule of space

The rule of space states that you shall frame your subject in a way that space shows the direction in which it is looking or moving. It is a composition technique that you can use to improve your photos just like Mitchel3uo did.

As you can see the subject is on the right-hand side and a space is left in the direction where he is looking. So what do you think where is he moving towards? Towards the left. But also remember that not just moving, you may also show the space/side where the subject is looking.

8. Left to right rule

In addition to the rule of space, you may also follow the left to right rule. Thankfully this isn’t a contradiction like other composition techniques in photography but is actually an add-on.

Our eyes normally go left to right. To follow up on this normal human tendency you shall also look for the subject that is looking, going, or leading from left to right just as Charlie did in the image above.

9. Golden triangle

smotion compositions technique

In the above composition techniques, you have already learned that our eyes are dynamically attracted to diagonals and triangles. Well when we talk about the Golden triangle, we will be revising everything again.

If you observe closely in the image above, captured by Samuel, the hills are forming triangles. Let me draw these lines very clearly.

improve photos

Now in the image, you can see the formation of triangles. I have just drawn a diagonal line in between and two perpendiculars from either side which is simplistically known as Golden Triangle.

10. Golden ratio

Golden Ratio composition

Now, this is among the type of composition techniques in photography which is very hard to explain. But if you crack the formula to this, you will be capturing some great images as Vlad chernolyasov did in the image above. The golden ratio goes like this

Golden Ratio

You can remember the golden ratio as an advanced version of the rule of thirds. In this, the subject is placed at a definitive place where the spiral ends. And the other half of the frame has a large subject filling in the frame.

You shall also remember the Golden ratio can be formed in any direction and in any orientation. Just one thing to remember is that the subject has to be at the closing/ contracting arm of the spiral.

11. Pattern and texture


All the composition techniques in photography are normal guides to understanding how you see the world. We look for patterns and textures every single day but rarely focus on them. But as a photographer, you need to capture them to showcase them to the world.

As you shall in the above image by Moisessantana, the cracks on the earth have given a texture and light has made this view photogenic.


On the other hand, Ptrpl4 captured this pattern which is oddly attractive and led our eyes to the centre and the shoes.

12. Foreground and interest

As we have said, composition techniques in photography are the way we humans view a site or an object in our daily life. Now in the following technique, you shall keep the focus on the object that is closer, blurring out the background completely.

It shows a perspective and even leads our eye to a new and distinctive subject.

13. Fill the frame

Again, this is in complete contradiction to most of the composition techniques in photography we just discussed. But in my defence, everything is worth it if you can get that perfect shot. As the name suggests, in the following composition technique, you shall fill the frame completely with the subject itself.

You shall also make sure that the image you capture is high-quality and with visible details. As you can see in the image above by Martz90, the beast is fully framed, and also the details are highly visible.

14. Negative space

In the following image by Panguiny, there is a lot of space left in the frame. Well, this is a negative space composition technique. Out of all composition techniques in photography, it is the easiest to identify a technique where you leave a lot of blank space in the frame.

There is no reason for this particular style but lately, it has been very appealing hence popular in the community of photographers.

15. Simplicity

With the new trends of minimalism and simplicity booming across the world, new composition techniques have also started rolling in. The aim was simple. 

Bring simplicity to the frame, which is uplifted by the quality of and details of the subject. In the above image by Zarakvg, the simply placed with half-filled coffee and vapours accumulating over it. Simple yet impactful.

16. Isolate

The trend of capturing a single subject might not be as new but is surely effective today. In the above image by Ciabattespugnose, the subject (dog) is placed with nothing behind or in front. This keeps our eye just on the subject and allows you to show off the details.

17. Change Perspective

Until now in all the above composition techniques in photography, we have been discussing capturing things that the human eye normally sees. Now it’s time you elevate your perspective and show the world what they don’t. 

In the above image, Hendrimotography chooses to show the dome from an aerial view. But this isn’t just always the case. You shall find new angles and perspectives to image and show what every other person is leaving out.

18. Color contrasting

Color contrasting is another among the best composition techniques that will improve your photos easily. The reason is simple. Contrasting colour makes it easy for the eyes to differentiate. And well, if you are unaware, our brain likes what’s easy.

So next time you are out looking for something new and funky, go out to fetch colours that are contrasting and you may even end up getting a great image as Gierschv got above.

19. Balance Elements

After going through some simple composition techniques in photography, now let us just switch to a complex one. In the above image by Viajeenparacaidas, you can easily see that there is a balance in the frame itself. If you see the man closer in the frame, it is being elevated in the field of vision by the man farther away.

This also depicts that the frame is complete and shows the difference in the vision.

20. Juxtaposition

Above you have already gone through the contradiction of colors. Taking this a step further, juxtaposition is a composition technique with contrasting elements or subjects in a single frame, complementing each other.

The use of this above is beautifully shown by Dimeloper in the image above where land and ocean are meeting, creating a picture-perfect scene. Again, this contradiction shall always be so visible, but simple pattern contradictions captured beautifully can also make your day.

21. Familiarity Of Scale

Comparison is the human sight that judges the entire image. In order to actually make this happen Winggo has depicted this amazing composition technique where the size of the rock is easily magnified when our brain compares it to the human standing over it.

Hence when you wish to amplify the size -small or big- place a familiar object in the frame.

22. Repetition

Just like pattern and texture, repetition is a simpler thing for our brain to see. Hence, showing repetitive patterns is among the finest composition techniques used by photographers all over the world. To depict this, you shall see the above image by Eskandthewood.

23. Show Of Motion

As of now, I am sure that you know in all the above composition techniques, we capture the moments that the human eye sees, but ignores. One such thing is motion too. In the above image by Dimonblr, the motion of the cyclist has enhanced the view. Moreover, the standing cyclist look might have made the frame a bit fake but the motion blur has given it authenticity.

24. Go All In

Lastly, the very important composition technique would be capturing those small yet precise frames. The best way would be by zooming in to the subject and showing what truly matters. Above is another great example by dimonblr itself.

Special note.

The golden triangle, rule of third, pattern, textures, and all the above-mentioned are some great composition techniques that can improve your photos drastically. Speaking of which, I would also like to remind you that these aren’t the rules that bind you. Rather, these are guidelines that can help find new angles and features for your image. We highly recommend reading this article, How to Start a Photography Business.

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